What is the leading ignition protection type for UHP pressure transducers?

The leading ignition protection type is critical for the electrical connection of a pressure sensor with explosion protection. It does not necessarily need to be the main one with the stricter requirements. This applies, for example, for the UHP pressure transducers of the WU series from WIKA. They are designed for use in semiconductor production.
Explosion protection is an indispensable safety precaution there. This is because the substances necessary for manufacturing include highly flammable gases. Consequently, you will find a threat of an explosive atmosphere forming.
Explosion protection concept
UHP pressure transducers for such processes should be made with the corresponding safety. As well as their small design and specific process connections, the models WUC-1x and WU-2x have a comprehensive explosion protection concept. The marking of the instruments provides home elevators this:
II 3G Ex ec ic IIC T6/T5/T4 Gc X
The abbreviations listed in them mean, in more detail:
II 3G:
Equipment group 2 (every area except mining), can be utilized in zone 2 (rare and short-term Ex atmosphere).
Ex ec ic:
Ignition protection types ?ec? (increased safety) and ?ic? (intrinsically safe; zone 2).
?Ex ec? has replaced the ignition protection type ?Ex nA? (non-sparking) since the start of 2022. However, this does not affect the Ex idea of the instruments.
IIC:
Explosion group (here: gases, resistive ignition energy of 40 �J, suitable for hydrogen/acetylene).
T6/T5/T4:
Temperature classes. T6 because the highest requirement stands for a maximum permissible surface temperature in the Ex environment < 85 �C (max. surface temperature of the WUC-1x and WU-2x: 40 �C).
Gc:
?Equipment Protection Level? (EPL) for zone 2 per IEC 60079-0
X:
Specific requirements which are listed in the operating instructions (for instance, the suitable mating connector).
?ec? may be the leading ignition protection type
It is noticeable that the marking contains two ignition protection types. However, only 1 is pertinent for the electrical connection: the best ignition protection type. Regarding the pressure transducers from the WU series, this is actually the Ex ec (Ex nA up to 2022) mentioned first rather than the stricter Ex ic. This may also be observed in the bond values in the data sheet and operating instructions. Only the specification of the maximum supply voltage UN = 30 V, which is also stated in the IECEx certificate, is relevant here.
What does Ironclad ?Ex ic? stand for? It only applies to the potentiometer of the transducer. The resistive component has an intrinsically safe circuit and will therefore be adjusted to correct zero drift during operation. In their overall form, the WU models usually do not require an intrinsically safe circuit. However, they need to never be disconnected from the circuit during operation or when an Ex atmosphere is present.
Note
More info on the WUC-1x and WU-2x UHP pressure transducers and about hydrogen can be found on the WIKA website. For those who have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
Also read our articles
Ex protection: The most frequent ignition protection types for sensors in gas hazardous areas
Ex protection: The difference between the zone and division model

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